Suzhou

Suzhou Travel Guide

Suzhou, ancient Wu , referred to as the Soviet Union , also known as Suzhou , Pingjiang , etc., is a national historical and cultural city and tourist city, national high-tech industrial base, an important center of the Yangtze River Delta, one of the city [1]  . Located in the southeastern Jiangsu Province , the central Yangtze River Delta , Jiangsu Yangtze River Economic Zone is an important part. East of Shanghai , south Jiaxing , West holding Taihu Lake , according to the Yangtze River . [2] 

Suzhou is a subtropical monsoon maritime climate , four distinct seasons, abundant rainfall. Planting rice , wheat , rape , producing cotton , silkworm mulberry , fruit , specialty Biluochun tea , the Yangtze River saury , Taihu whitebait , Yangcheng Lake hairy crabs and so on. [2] 

Suzhou is China's first 24 national historical and cultural city , one of nearly 2500 history , is Wu culture birthplace [3]  . Suzhou people are mostly Jiangsu and Zhejiang people , the use of Wu . [2] Suzhou gardens is a Chinese private garden of representatives , is a UNESCO listed World Heritage . 

As of 2015, Suzhou under the jurisdiction of five municipal districts , hosting four county-level city [4]  , the city area of 8488.42 square kilometers. Is located between longitude 119 ° 55 '~ 121 ° 20', latitude 30 ° 47 '~ 32 ° 02' between. The city's low-lying, plain accounted for 54.8% of the total area, about 4 meters above sea level. The hills account for 2.7% of the total area. [2] 

January 2016, Suzhou was the Ministry of housing and urban and rural construction as the first batch of " national ecological garden city ". [5]  In February 2016, Suzhou was named the first national tourism demonstration area by the National Tourism Administration .


  • Chinese name

  • Suzhou

  • Foreign language name

  • Suzhou city

  • Alias

  • Suzhou / Wu / Pingjiang / Wu / Oriental Venice

  • Administrative category

  • Prefecture-level city

  • district belong to

  • Southern Region - East China - Jiangsu Province

  • Under the jurisdiction of the area

  • 5 districts , 4 county-level cities

  • Government resident

  • Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province, Suzhou District No. 998 Road Sanxiang Road

  • Phone area code

  • International: (+ 86) 512, domestic: 0512

  • Zip code

  • 215000

  • Location

  • Southeastern Jiangsu Province, east coast of Taihu Lake Basin

  • Area

  • 8488.42 square kilometers

  • Population

  • 10,616,000 (2015)

  • Dialect

  • Wu - Wu Taihu - Su Hu Jia small pieces - Suzhou dialect

  • Climatic conditions

  • Subtropical monsoon climate

  • famous scenery

  • Taihu Lake , Zhuozhengyuan , Lion Grove , Canglang Pavilion , Park , Zhouzhuang , Huqiu , Hanshan Temple , etc.

  • Airport

  • Sunan Shuo International Airport

  • TRAIN STATION

  • Suzhou Station , Suzhou North Station , Suzhou Park Station , Suzhou New District Station

  • License plate code

  • Su

  • GDP

  • $ 1.45 trillion (2015)

  • Per capita GDP

  • 137169 yuan (2015)

  • City flower, city tree

  • Osmanthus , camphor

  • City song

  • " Suzhou good scenery "

  • Current leader

  • Secretary Zhou Naixiang ; Mayor Qu Futian [6] 

  • Historical figures

  • Sun Wu / Lu Xun / Fan Zhongyan / Tang Yin / Gu Yanwu

  • Higher school

  • Suzhou University , Suzhou University of Science and Technology , etc.

  • Administrative code

  • 320500

table of Contents

  1. 1 Geographic environment

  2. ▪ Location domain

  3. ▪ landscape

  4. ▪ Climate

  5. ▪ Hydrology

  6. 2 Natural resources

  7. 3 History

  8. 4 Administrative divisions

  9. 5 population

  10. 6 traffic

  11. ▪ Highway

  1. ▪ Railway

  2. ▪ Aviation

  3. ▪ Water transport

  4. ▪ City traffic

  5. 7 politics

  6. 8 Economy

  7. ▪ Summary

  8. ▪ First industry

  9. ▪ Secondary industry

  10. ▪ Tertiary industry

  11. 9 society

  12. ▪ Technology

  1. ▪ Education

  2. ▪ Health

  3. ▪ Sports

  4. ▪ Urban construction

  5. ▪ meeting

  6. 10 culture

  7. ▪ dialects

  8. ▪ religion

  9. ▪ folklore

  10. ▪ Painting

  11. ▪ drama

  12. ▪ Poetry

  1. ▪ diet

  2. ▪ Festival

  3. 11 travel

  4. ▪ Overview

  5. ▪ Attractions

  6. ▪ specialty

  7. 12 famous people

  8. 13 friendly city

  9. 14 City honors


Geographical environment


Suzhou Industrial Park Times Square

Suzhou is located in the south of Jiangsu Province , east of Shanghai, south of Zhejiang, west of Taihu Lake, according to the Yangtze River . Suzhou city center geographical coordinates of latitude 31 ° 19 ', longitude 120 ° 37'. [7] 


Geomorphology


The city's low-lying plains, the plains accounted for 55% of the total area, Suzhou, respectively, under the two levels of physical geographic areas: the Yangtze River Delta plains and the Taihu Plain area, belonging to four secondary natural areas: along the river plains, Tin plain area, Taihu Lake and lake hilly area, Yangcheng small area. Geomorphological features to calm plains, the city's low-lying, from west to east slowly tilted, the plains of the altitude of 3 to 4 meters, Yangcheng Lake and Wujiang area only about 2 meters. [8] 

Low mountains and hills scattered scattered, generally high 100 to 350 meters, distributed in the western mountains and the Taihu Islands, of which the highest dome (342 meters), as well as Nanyang Hill (338 meters), West Dongting misty peak (336 meters) , East Dongting mountain Moree peak (293 meters), seven mountains (294 meters), Tin Ping Shan (201 m), Yeongam Hill (182 meters), Yuyang Hill (171 meters), Yushan (262 m), mountain Lake (252 meters) and so on.


climate

Suzhou belongs to the subtropical monsoon maritime climate, four distinct seasons, mild climate, abundant rainfall. North subtropical monsoon climate, the average annual rainfall of 1100 mm, the average annual temperature of 15.7 ℃, January average temperature of 2.5 ℃. July average temperature of 28 ℃. [8] 


Hydrology

Territory of the ancient city of Suzhou river port staggered, Hudang clouds, the most famous lakes in the western corner of the Taihu Lake and the canal lake ; East Dianshan , Cheng Lake ; north Kuncheng lake ; there Yangcheng Lake , Jinji Lake , Dushu Lake ; Yangtze River And the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal runs through the north of the city. Taihu Lake water into the river and east into the lake after the Huangpu River into the river; canal water from the West into the kiosks, south of Shengze; the original sea "Sanjiang", by the Huangpu River east into the river, which formed the city of Suzhou Three major river systems.

As the city of Suzhou River vertical and horizontal, also known as water, water city, water, thirteenth century, " Marco Polo Travels " will be praised as the Eastern Venice Venice . Suzhou ancient city by the French enlightenment thinker Montesquieu praised as "gods". [8] 


Natural resources


Suzhou water network clouds, fertile land, mainly rice, wheat, canola, cotton production, sericulture, fruit, specialty Biluochun tea , Yangtze saury , Taihu three white ( white fish , whitebait and shrimp ), Yangcheng Lake hairy crabs , etc. [8] 

Suzhou area is close to the river network, surrounded by the famous rice high yield area, agricultural development, "water country", "world granary", " fish and rice town, " said. Song has since the "Suhu cooked, the world foot" reputation. Mainly planted rice, wheat, rape, produced cotton , silkworm mulberry, fruit , specialty Biluochun tea, the Yangtze River saury, Taihu white fish, Yangcheng Lake hairy crabs and so on. [8] 


History



Suzhou found a lot of ancient cultural sites, especially the late Neolithic Liangzhu culture is the most abundant, the famous Zhao Ling Shan ruins , Shaoqing Mountain ruins , Chuo Dun ruins , grass mountain ruins , Luo pier ruins, including Zhao Ling Mountain ruins in 1992 was listed as one of the top ten archaeological sites of the country.

At the end of the country, northwest China Ji Xing clan leader of the ancient father of the father of the son of Taibo , Chung Yong , take away to Yin, from Shaanxi Qieshan under the original Zhou, thousands of miles south, came to the lower reaches of the Yangtze River in the south bank of Meri (now Jiangsu Meicun ) , With the local indigenous people, the establishment of a tribal nature of the " hook Wu of the country." This is the earliest record of Suzhou, said Wu.

The middle of the 11th century BC, Zhou off business, the implementation of sub-system. King Wu Wu has been to find a monarch Taber, Zhong Yong five-generation descendant railhead , sealing it as a vassal. "Hook Wu" then became a vassal state, formally incorporated into the Western Zhou territory.


Ming Dynasty Zhang Hong "Xishan Shuangqi map" local

Zhou Jane Wang Yuan (585 BC), Shou Meng succeeded to the king, Wu Guo has a definite year. From the longevity dream, Wu Guo national victory, and began exchanges with the Central Plains countries, among the ranks of major powers hegemony.

Zhou Ling Wang 12 years (560 BC), Wu Guojun bit to twenty days Sun Zhu Fan, the country moved south to Suzhou city site. Zhou Jing Wang 6 years (514 BC) closed the door to the ship .

Zhou Yuan Wang 3 years (BC 473 years), the more off Wu, Wu Di see the country owned by the country. King 35 years (334 BC), Chu off the Vietnamese, Wu, the more to make the Chu. ChuKao Lie Wang Dynasty (262 BC), Chu phase Chunshenjun Huang Xie was sealed in Koto, Wu became Chunshenjun fief.

The end of the Warring States period , Qin in the territory of its county system, with the expansion of the occupied area, the county system to further implementation. Qin Shihuang 24 years (223 BC), Qin Wang Wang Jian prison Chu negative , to the north of the Yangtze River Chu country built Chu County. The following year, Wang Jian successive capture Chu in the south of the Yangtze River, then the Chu County is divided into Jiujiang, barrier, Hueiji three counties. 26 years (221 BC), Qin unified China, the official implementation of the county system in the country, divided into thirty-six counties, Wu is Huiji County . County in the Wu Gu Gu (now Suzhou City site). And the place where the county is located Wu County, under the jurisdiction of the twenty-six counties of the first town, Wuxian named since the beginning. Qin two years of the first year (209 BC), Xiang Liang, Xiang Yu in Wuxian from the anti-Qin. After the death of the Qin, Chu Han Xiangyu self-reliance for the West Chu King, collar beam, Chu and other nine counties, Huiji County is also Chu.

Han emperor 5 years (202 years ago), Liu Bang attack Xiang Yu, Han will take the boat over the river, break the Wuxian, slightly will be Ji Ji. In the same year, Liu Bang Han Xin for the king of Chu, Huiji and other counties are the king of the fiefs. The next year Liu Bang down Han Xin for Huaiyin, divided into the eastern part of the fiefs of the three counties fifty-two city reconstruction Jing State , with its brother Liu Jia for Jing Wang, to understand the county, all Wu. 11 years (196 BC) British cloth anti-Chinese, kill Liu Jia occupied Jing Guo Feng to. The next year to settle the British cloth of the rebellion, waste Jingguo still complex for the county. In the same year Liu Bang Feng Liu Bi for the king, Huiji County is Wu Guofeng. Emperor Yuyuan 9 years (171 BC), so Zhang County merged into the county, county rule once moved from Wu County to Zhang (now Zhejiang Anji County and Changxing County), 7 years after the rehabilitation of Wuxian. Jingdi 3 years (154 BC), Liu Bi seeking rebellion punish, waste Wu, complex for the Huiji County, collar county twenty-four, Wuxian is still the first town.

Yuan sealed 5 years (106 BC), the Emperor to strengthen the control of the local, divided into the country for the thirteen states, each state set a history of thorns. Huiji County is the governor of Yangzhou. At that time the state is not a formal administrative construction.

AD 9 years, Wang Mang usurped the construction of the new dynasty , change Wuxian County for the Ted County. Wang Mang new dynasty after the reunification, the Eastern Han Dynasty Guangwu Emperor Jianwu in the first year (AD 25 years) to change Tide County for the county. Shunde when due to the vast territory of Yi Ji, inconvenience management, then in Yongjian four years (AD 129 years) to the northeast of the county to set up Wujun, southwest is still Huiji County. The new set of Wu County collar county 13, Wuxian for the first town, county rule in Wuxian, and Huiji County governance is resettlement to Shanyin.

Eastern Han Dynasty warlord, Xingping two years (AD 195), Sun Ce Ministry Wu Jun Zhu Zhi captured, brought into the city prefect thing, since Wu directly under a three Sun Wu regime. Collar county fifteen, Wuxian first town. Sun Hao Baoding the first year (AD 266), from the Wu County to draw out the envy, Yuhang and other five counties and Danyang County, another county set up Wuxing County. To the Western Jin Dynasty, Wu, Danyang , Wuxing three known as the "three Wu". [9] 

Taikang first year (AD 280), the West Jin Wu Wu unified national, sub-world for the nine states, Wu Jun Yangzhou provincial governor. Four years (AD 283) sub-Wu County of Yu Yuhai home county. Eastern Jin Xian and the first year (AD 326 years), into the emperor seal his brother Ma Yue for the king, change Wu Jun


For the Wu, the history of the history of things. Followed by Sima Yue, although the closure of Langya King, but the name of Wu has been extended to the end of the Eastern Jin Dynasty.

Southern Song Dynasty Emperor Wu of the beginning of 2 years (AD 421), the name of waste Wu known as Wu Jun. Southern government has been in the south of overseas Chinese and overseas Chinese counties, Song Xiaowu Emperor Ming Ming 7 years (AD 463), to Wu County is home to South Xuzhou . The following year is still under Yangzhou. Xiao Liang Tianxuan 6 years (AD 507), analysis of Wu County to set up Lutheran County. Datong years (AD 535 - 545 years) home Kunshan County, Lixin County, Datong 6 years (540 years) to Haiyu County for Changshu County, from Kunshan, Changshu County named. Too Qing 3 years (AD 549), Hou Jing chaos attack county, change Wu County for the Wuzhou. The following year and restore the original. Chen Wudi Yongding 2 years (AD 558) cut Wu County belongs to the sea salt, salt officials, the former Beijing three counties set Haining County; and then cut the money Tang , Fuyang , Metro and other counties set Qiantang County; cut Jiande, Shouchang, Tonglu County is Xin'an County. Wu Jun jurisdiction plummeted, only collar Wu, Kunshan, Changshu, Jiaxing four counties. Zhen Ming the first year (AD 587 years), analysis of Yangzhou to increase Wuzhou, to the original Yangzhou Wu Jun, Qiantang County, such as access to Wuzhou, so Wuzhou, Wu County, Wuxian three governance with a city The

After the establishment of the Sui Dynasty, change state, county, county three-level system for the state and county level. Open emperor 9 years (AD 589) after the demolition of waste Wujun built to the west of the city of Gu Shan, easy to Wuzhou for Suzhou, which is the beginning of the name of Suzhou. Under the jurisdiction of Wu, Kunshan, Changshu, Wu Cheng, Great Wall five counties. 11 years (AD 591), due to frequent violent riots, endangering the safety of the Soviet Union, so Yang Su in the southwest of the Soviet Union Hengshan (seven sub-mountain) and Huangshan between the other building profile, state, county governance moved the new profile, Still called the new Guo. The first year of the great cause (AD 605), the recovery state for the Wuzhou, 3 years (AD 607 years) and the county system for the county system, Wuzhou complex known as Wu Jun. [9] 


Tang Wude 4 years (AD 621) Fu Wu County for Suzhou. 7 years (AD 624) will move out of the Sui Dynasty, the county moved back to the original site. Zhenguan first year (AD 627) divided into 10 for the country, Suzhou is Jiangnan Road . Kaiyuan 21 years (AD 733) sub-Jiangnan Road for Jiangnan East, West Second Road, Suzhou is Jiangnan Road. Tianbao the first year (AD 742) to change to Suzhou for the Wujun, Qianyuan the first year (AD 758) complex Suzhou, and changed to Zhejiang West Road, Jiedushi also in the Soviet Union. Big calendar 13 years (AD 778) Suzhou was promoted to Jiangnan area only Xiongzhou .

Photochemical first year (AD 898), Suzhou became Wu Yueguo territory, renamed the Wu House. After Liang Kaiping 3 years (AD 909), Wu Yue Wang Qian Qian Wu County south to set Wujiang County, Wujiang County since the beginning . After the Tang Tongguang 2 years (AD 924), the money is also played in the rise of Wu Wu in the Wu Jun, set Jiedushi, led by often, Run and other states, until the early Song did not change.

Song Taizu open treasure 8 years (AD 975), Wu Yue Wang Qian Hong Chu changed to Wu Jun for Pingjiang Jun, Li Jiangnan Road. Taiping Xingguo 3 years (AD 978) Wu Yue Na soil to Song, Suzhou resumption of construction, transfer to two Zhejiang Road transit to make. Political and 3 years (AD 1113) Chi Sheng Suzhou Pingjiang House, Jiangnan Road, Zhejiang West Road, so there are Pingjiang in Suzhou, said. Xuan and 5 years (AD 1123) set to mention the West Division, Jian Yan 4 years (AD 1130) set Zhejiang West mention point of the prison division, governance are in Pingjiang City.

Yuan Dynasty line ahead of the province. Yuan 12 years (AD 1275) set up Jianghuai province, home Zhejiang West Army military propaganda division, the following year that is to change the Secretary for Pingjiang Road, is Jianghuai province. 18 years (AD 1281 years) Sheng Pingjiang Road for the Daru flower red (Mongolian governor's meaning) Explorer House. Yuan 28 years (1291) Zhijie and governance, Jiangnan set up in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Province in line with the book province , Suzhou belongs to the. Yuan Zhen first year (1295) Sheng Kunshan, Changshu, Wujiang, Jiading four counties for the state. At the end of the Yuan Dynasty to 16 years (AD 1356) Zhang Shicheng into Pingjiang, built big Zhou regime, once renamed Longping House, the following year Zhang Shicheng accept the Yuan Dynasty seal, re-changed to Pingjiang Road.

Ming Taizu Wu first year (AD 1367), change Pingjiang Road for the Suzhou House, Li Jiangnan Bank of the two provinces. Yongle 19 years (AD 1421) moved to Beijing, Nanjing to become the capital, to Jiangnan for the South Zhili Province, Suzhou House of the. [9] 



After entering the south to change the straight Zhili for Jiangnan Province, left, right two government officials. Suzhou still called the government, the county is not changed, Junji 18 years (AD 1661) will be right to the government from Jiangning moved to Suzhou. Yongzheng 2 years (AD 1724) rose Taicang state for Chihli state. 3 years (AD 1725) Jiangnan Province for the Anhui and Jiangsu provinces, so the governor of Jiangsu, Jiangsu governor, Suzhou government and long, Yuan, Wu three counties with a city in Suzhou. Xianfeng 10 years (AD 1860) Taiping Tianguo Li Xiucheng stationed in Suzhou, Suzhou to the provincial capital, built Sufu province, the implementation of provincial, county, county three system. Tongzhi 2 years (AD 1863) Qing army captured in Suzhou, to restore the old building. Guangxu 32 years (1906) to Taihu Lake Xishan home Jinghu Hall, Li Suzhou House.


Qing Xuantong 3 years (1911) October 10 (Gregorian calendar, the same below), the Revolution of 1911 broke out. November 5, Suzhou announced independence, the former governor of Jiangsu Cheng Dequan claiming the Soviet governor, Dudufu in Suzhou. December 3, to change the Soviet governor for the governor of Jiangsu, the implementation of military and civilian governance, said the Chinese People's Government military government in Jiangsu Dudu government, the government set up in Suzhou. [9] 



In the first year of the Republic of China (1912) in January, the waste Suzhou City, the complex will be Cheung Chau, Yuanhe two counties and Taihu Lake, Jinghu two hall into the Wu County , while Zhenze County merged into Wujiang County, Zhaowen County into Changshu County Xinyang County into Kunshan County. Since then, the name of Suzhou, built called Wuxian. In 19 years (1914), the implementation of the provincial, road, county official system, divided into a number of provinces, in the Soviet Union, often set up in the Soviet Union Road, the rule of Suzhou, Wu County. In 16 years (1927) in April, the national government capital of Nanjing, Jiangsu Province will be moved to Zhenjiang, waste, the implementation of provincial and county secondary system. In June the same year, the establishment of Suzhou municipal preparatory office. The following year in November, county, city division, in Suzhou municipal preparatory office on the basis of the formal establishment of Suzhou City. In 19 years (1930) in May, the Jiangsu provincial government to tighten spending on the grounds, but also revoked the city of Suzhou built, complex into Wu County.

Republic of China 22 years (1933), Jiangsu Province, the District Chief Inspector's Office, as the provincial dispatched agencies, Wuxian belong to the third district, the district set up in Suzhou. In December the same year, the third district was renamed Wuxi District, the district set up Wuxi. In 25 years (1936), Wuxi District was renamed the second district, still under the county.

In 26 years (1937), the Japanese imperialists launched the war of aggression against China, November 19, Suzhou fall. The following year in May, the Japanese government established in Suzhou, the jurisdiction of the southern region of the fall of sixteen counties, Wu County belongs to the.

In 1929 (1940), the Chinese Communist Party in the southern Jiangsu East Road area leaders adhere to the anti-Japanese, the establishment of anti-Japanese democratic regime. The East Road area has been divided into three levels of six administrative regions, Suzhou are part of the first administrative district of southern Jiangsu Commissioner of the Commissioner. In September, Suzhou County People's Anti-Japanese Self-Defense Association was established in Dongtang City, Changshu. The following year in February, the Suzhou county government was established, Suzhou County People's Self-Defense will be revoked. As a result of the brutal Qingxiang, the democratic regime has been revoked. To the Republic of China 34 years (1945) in July, on the basis of the Soviet North two administrative offices, Wu County anti-Japanese democratic regime was established .

In 34 years (1945) in August, the victory of the War of Resistance Against Japan, pseudo-Jiangsu Province, the death of the National Government also Nanjing. Suzhou still known as Wu County, Jiangsu Province Jiangnan administrative office. After the revocation of Jiang Jiang Administrative Office, and under the Second Administrative District Inspector's Office, until the liberation. [9] 

April 27, 1949, after the liberation of Suzhou, under the 13 town people's government, in September the same year to change the east, south, west, north, five district offices; May 1950, the district government to withdraw from the public security department to take over The In early November 1951 by the Southern People's Procuratorate approved, the city government decided to the original area by the jurisdiction of the establishment of East, South, West, North, five districts.

January 1, 1953, Jiangsu Provincial People's Government set up: (1) Suzhou City for the provincial cities. (2) the establishment of Suzhou area. Suzhou District, Changshu, Wu County, Wujiang, Taicang, Kunshan, Wuxi, Yixing, Jiangyin, Taihu Lake Office (equivalent to the county) 1 City 8 County 1, Agency in Suzhou City. (3) the establishment of Songjiang area. Songjiang area jurisdiction Nanhui, Fengxian, Jinshan, Qingpu, Jiading, Chuansha, Songjiang, Baoshan, Shengsi, Shanghai 10 counties, the agency in Songjiang. In the same year, the Taihu Lake office changed to Zhenze County, Suzhou area jurisdiction 1 city 9 counties. In the same year on June 26, Shengsi County was placed under the leadership of Zhejiang Province. In 1954, Changshu City to the provincial municipality, and still accept the Suzhou agency supervision. In 1956, Yixing County was placed under the Zhenjiang area, the original jurisdiction Zhenjiang area Wujin County into the Suzhou area, administer 9 counties.

August 25, 1958, the province under the jurisdiction of the Suzhou City was placed under the Suzhou area leadership; revocation of Changshu City, into Changshu County. Wuxi County was placed under the leadership of Wuxi City, Wujin County was placed under the Changzhou area. April 8, the revocation of Songjiang area, belongs to the Songjiang, Chuansha, Nanhui, Fengxian, Jinshan, Qingpu 6 counties into the Suzhou area. April 12, the original Jiangsu Province Songjiang area under the jurisdiction of Jiading, Baoshan, Shanghai 3 counties were placed under the jurisdiction of Shanghai. November 21, Chuansha, Qingpu, Nanhui, Songjiang, Fengxian, Jinshan 6 counties, was placed under the jurisdiction of Shanghai. Suzhou area administer 1 city 7 counties.

In 1960, the revocation of Zhenze County, into the county. In 1961, the establishment of Sha Chau County (in Yang Town). In 1962, Suzhou City, changed to the provincial city; Wuxi City, Wuxi City, led by the county into the Suzhou area, administer 8 counties. Jiangsu Province, Changshu City; Suzhou City, a total of 1 city 5 counties and 4 districts (Pingjiang County, Suzhou City, Suzhou City, Suzhou City, Suzhou City, , Jin Chang, Canglang and the suburbs). September 1986, approved by the State Council, has revoked Sha Chau, Kunshan, Wujiang, Taicang (1993) 4 counties, set Zhangjiagang, Kunshan, Wujiang, Taicang 4 City. Suzhou City, a total of 5 cities and 1 county 4 area. In 1993, Suzhou was approved by the State Council as "the larger city". [10] 

March 1, 1983, Jiangsu Province, the implementation of the new system. Revocation of the Suzhou area, the original area of Jiangsu Jiangyin, Wuxi County was placed under the Wuxi City, Wu County, Wujiang, Kunshan, Taicang, sandbar, Changshu was placed under the Suzhou City. Suzhou City collar five counties and one city. [9] 



In 1983, the revocation of Changshu County, changed to Changshu City. [9] In  1986, the revocation of Sha Chau County, the establishment of Zhangjiagang City. [11]  1989, the revocation of Kunshan County, Kunshan City. [12]  In 1992, the revocation of Wujiang County, the establishment of Wujiang City. In 1993, the revocation of Taicang County, the establishment of Taicang City. [13]  In 1995, the revocation of Wuxian, the establishment of Wuxian City. [14] 

In 2001, Suzhou suburbs changed its name to Huqiu District; the same year, the revocation of Wuxian City, divided into Wuzhong District , Xiangcheng District . [15] 

In 2012, the revocation of Pingjiang District , Suzhou City , Canglang District , Jinchang District , merged to set up Suzhou City, Suzhou District ; revocation of Wujiang City, the establishment of Wujiang District , Suzhou City . [16] 


Administrative divisions


As of January 2015, Suzhou City, jurisdiction over 5 municipal districts: Gu Su District (Suzhou National Historical and Cultural City Protected Area), Huqiu District , Wuzhong District , Xiangcheng District , Wujiang District ; hosted four county-level city: Changshu City , Zhangjiagang City , Kunshan City , Taicang City . [4] The  city has a total of 40 streets and 55 towns, of which Suzhou City, 37 streets and 22 towns.

County nameArea (k㎡)Population (person)Under the jurisdiction of the townGovernment residentZip code
Gusu District86164970121 streetsSu Jin Street215001
City area496693576

6 streets, 4 towns

Yuan and street215131
Wuzhong District

745

11584106 streets, 7 townsLong bridge street215000
Huqiu District223.365723134 streets, 3 townsDongzhu town215010
Wujiang District1176.6812750908 townsSongling town215200
Changshu City109415101032 streets, 9 townsYushan town215500
Kunshan City864.9164631810 townsYushan town215300
Zhangjiagang City99912484148 townsYang Shezhen215600
Taicang City6207120691 street, 6 townsCity town215400
Note: In 2010, six general population data [17] 


population


At the end of 2014 the city's resident population of 10.591 million people. Of which the household population of 661.08 million, an increase of 7.24 million over the previous year. Household birth rate was 11.68 ‰, the natural population growth rate of 4.96 ‰. [18] 

Suzhou Municipal Bureau of Statistics recently released last year 1% of the population sample survey data show that at 0:00 on November 1, 2015, the city's resident population of 10.61 million, compared with the sixth national census, 5 years a total increase of 150,000 people, An increase of 1.44%. Data show that the city's resident population, with a university (referring to college education) the population of 1.95 million people; with high school culture (including secondary) level of population of 2.23 million people. [19] 

The population of Suzhou is dominated by the Han nationality of the Han nationality. As of 2011, the minority population of 16,000 people, there are 47 ethnic minority elements, accounting for 0.15% of the total population.


traffic



highway

As of the end of 2012, Suzhou City, the total mileage of 13090 km, of which 535 km highway.

Suzhou city has five long-distance bus terminal: Suzhou North Plaza Bus Terminal, Suzhou North Bus Station , Suzhou South Bus Station , Suzhou West Bus Station , Wuzhong Bus Terminal .


railway

Suzhou City, a total of Suzhou Station , Suzhou North Station , Suzhou Park Station , Suzhou New District Station, Wei Ting Station and other five railway passenger stations and a cargo terminal Suzhou West Railway Station , in addition to the suburbs of Kunshan Station , Kunshan South Station , Yangcheng Lake Station and other three railway passenger station. [20] 

Suzhou Railway Station is the Shanghai Railway Bureau directly under the station, is the Beijing-Shanghai railway passenger transport for the first-class station, located in the ancient city of Suzhou north of the outer city of the north shore of the river.

Railway lines

Through the station

Shanghai-Nanjing high-speed rail

Suzhou station

Beijing-Shanghai high-speed rail

Suzhou North Station

Inter-city inter-city railway (under construction)

Zhangjiagang Station, Suzhou Park Station, Suzhou East Station

Shanghai Railway (under construction)

Zhangjiagang North Station , Zhangjiagang Station , Changshu Station , Taicang Port Station , Taicang Station


aviation

airportRemarksnature
Sunan Shuo International AirportFebruary 18, 2004 the official opening of civil flightsCivil Aviation Airport
Suzhou Guangfu AirportIn February 1994 opened the joint, after the suspensionMilitary airport
Suzhou if the helicopter airportJuly 2013 put into operation [21] Civil Helicopter [21] 


water transport

Suzhou Port in 2002 by the original state of a class of open ports Zhangjiagang Port, Changshu Port and Taicang Port Hong Kong and Hong Kong into a group of emerging ports, the original three ports corresponding to Suzhou Port Zhangjiagang Port, Changshu Port and Taicang Port. In 2008, Suzhou Port put into use 100 or so million-ton terminal, Zhangjiagang port and Taicang port cargo throughput of more than 100 million tons. [twenty two] 


Traffic in the city

  • subway

As of August 1, 2014, Suzhou has opened lines 1 and 2, with a total length of 52 km. Planning seven rail transit lines, long-term planning for the 9 lines, planning the total mileage (including extension of the total length) 380 km. [twenty three] 

Suzhou Metro Line 1 was officially opened on April 28, 2012.

Suzhou Metro Line 2 was commissioned on December 28, 2013.

Suzhou Metro Line 4 and Line 2 extension also started construction on September 27, 2012.

  • Tram

Suzhou High-tech Zone plans a total of eight lines, total length of 116km. It is an extension, extension and supplement of Suzhou subway. It is an ecological public transportation system that meets the needs of passenger flow, adapts and guides urban development and displays the characteristics of high-tech zone. September 11, 2012, Suzhou High-tech Zone Tram Line 1 started construction, and plans to be completed in the first half of 2015 opened to traffic.

  • bus

Bus ordinary ticket price of 1 yuan, air-conditioned car a single fare of 2 yuan, mostly unmanned ticket car.

But some of the suburbs of Suzhou line "flag fare", the price is different, usually 3-5 yuan. [twenty four] 

  • taxi

Santana, Passat starting price is 12 yuan (including fuel subsidies 2 yuan) (3 km or less)

3-5 km, Santana for 1.8 yuan / km, Passat for 2.0 yuan / km

5 km above, Santana 2.7 yuan / km, 23 pm to 5 am the next day to 3.24 yuan / km

Passat 3.0 yuan / km, 23 pm to 5 am the next day to 3.6 yuan / km [25] 


political


Name

position

Zhou Naixiang

Party Secretary [26] 

Song futian

Mayor, deputy secretary of municipal Party committee [26-27] 

Zhou Weiqiang

Deputy secretary of municipal Party committee [28] 

Chen Zhenyi

Municipal People's Congress Standing Committee [29] 

Gao Xuekun

City CPP Chairman


economic



Summary

In 2015, the city of Suzhou to achieve regional GDP of 1.45 trillion yuan. The annual public finance budget income of 156.08 billion yuan. Of which tax revenue 138.86 billion yuan, an increase of 7.6%, tax revenue accounted for the proportion of public budget revenue accounted for 85.8%. The four main taxes (value added tax, business tax, corporate income tax, personal income tax) to complete the tax 96.14 billion yuan, an increase of 11.3%, accounting for 71.8% of tax revenue. Annual local public budget expenditure of 152.7 billion yuan. Of which urban and rural public service expenditure of 119.58 billion yuan, urban and rural public service expenditure accounted for 78.3% of public expenditure budget. [30] 


primary industry

In 2015, the city's total output value of agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery was 41.52 billion yuan, an increase of 3.4% over the previous year. The annual grain output was 1,082,200 tons, of which summer grain output was 364,300 tons, down 1.9%; autumn grain output was 717,900 tons, down 2.1%. Annual production of poultry and poultry meat was 108,400 tons, down 5.2% over the previous year; egg production was 43,400 tons, up 1.9%; aquatic product output was 264,700 tons, down 0.8%.

The end of 2015, the city's rural cooperative organizations 4535, holding more than 96% of the proportion of farmers. The total assets of the rural collective economy 163 billion yuan, the village of stable annual income of 7.76 million yuan, the city's 167 villages to complete the rural contract land registration and certification work. [30] 


Secondary industry

In 2015, the city's total industrial output value of 3.5718 trillion yuan. Of which the total industrial output value of 305.46 billion yuan. Scale industrial output value of 5.5 billion yuan, an increase of 11.1%; foreign and Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan-funded industrial output value of 1954 billion yuan, an increase of 1.3%; joint-stock industrial output value of 1071.1 billion yuan, down 1.5%. Large industrial enterprises output value of 1667.7 billion yuan, small and medium-sized micro-industrial enterprises output value of 138.69 billion yuan. 100 industrial enterprises to achieve the output value of 127.2 billion yuan.

Electronics, electrical, steel, general equipment, chemical industry, textile is the six pillar industries in Suzhou, the output value of 2048.4 billion yuan in 2015, accounting for above-scale industrial output value of 67.1%, which accounted for industrial output value of 32.6% The output value of the information industry was 994.6 billion yuan, up from the industrial growth rate of 6.2 percentage points. [30] 

Suzhou City various types of development zones 

Types of

Development zone

National Development Zone

Suzhou Industrial Park

Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone

Changshu Economic and Technological Development Zone

Wujiang Economic and Technological Development Zone

Taicang Port Economic and Technological Development Zone

Zhangjiagang Economic and Technological Development Zone

Wuzhong Economic and Technological Development Zone

Suzhou Hushuguan Economic Development Zone 

National High - tech Zone

Suzhou High and New Technology Industrial Development Zone

Kunshan High - tech Industry Development Zone


International Business District

Suzhou Industrial Park International Business District



Bonded area

Zhangjiagang Free Trade Zone

Kunshan comprehensive bonded area


Bonded Logistics Park

Suzhou Industrial Park Bonded Logistics Center (Type B)

Suzhou High-tech Zone Bonded Logistics Center (Type B)

Taicang Bonded Logistics Center (Type B)

Export processing zone

Suzhou Industrial Park Export Processing Zone

Suzhou High - tech Zone Export Processing Zone

Kunshan Export Processing Zone

Changshu Export Processing Zone

Wujiang Export Processing Zone

Wuzhong Export Processing Zone

Provincial park

Changshu Southeast Economic Development Zone

Jiangsu Fenhu High and New Technology Industrial Development Zone

Suzhou Xiangcheng Economic Development Zone

Huaqiao International Business City




Tertiary Industry

2015 annual increase in value-added services 717 billion yuan, accounting for 49.5% of GDP, than the "Eleventh Five-Year" (2010) increased by 7.9 percentage points. Annual high-tech industry output value of 1403 billion yuan, up 2.7% over the previous year, accounting for above-scale industrial output value of 45.9%, than the "Eleventh Five-Year" increased by 9.3 percentage points at the end. 
  2015 new year to set up a total of 16.7 million kinds of market players, of which 65,000 new private enterprises, an increase of 18.7%; individual industrial and commercial households 97,000, an increase of 15.2%. The registered capital of new enterprises was 327.36 billion yuan. The registered capital of new private enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households increased by 69.2% and 23.9% respectively over the previous year.

At the end of 2015, the balance of RMB deposits of financial institutions in the city was RMB 2,366.5 billion. At the end of the year, the balance of RMB loans of financial institutions amounted to RMB1.32 billion, of which the balance of short-term loans was 663.3 billion yuan and the balance of medium- and long-term loans was 1,140.3 billion yuan. [30] 

Foreign companies 
countryenterprise
United States

Nabisco

Baxter

Xerox

Nike

Pulps

Wal-Mart

DuPont

Exxon Mobil

Li Lai

Warner Lambert

Ferro

TRW

FMC

PPG

Chevron

AMD

3M

Oracle

Praxair

Avery stickers

Emerson Electric

Motorola

Honeywell

Caterpillar

General Motors

Alcoa

Deferr

P & G

Asahi Electric

Anpu

Dow CorningHarrisTyco InternationalGracoBaidu
EatonTexacoDow ChemicalJohnson & JohnsonMorgan Stanley
Canada

Canadian Aluminum

Magina

INCO



Japan

Marubeni

Sony

Sharp

Hitachi

Renesas

Matsushita

Toyota

Sumitomo

East cotton

Day cotton

Japanese rock wells

Japan

Fuji film

Japanese radio waves

Big Japanese ink

Yamaha

Nintendo

Epson

New Japan

Nippon Steel

Seiko

Fujitsu

santory

Canon

Daikin

Toshiba

Denso

Hi Mano

Komatsu

Ni floating

NissinAnd looseAsahi Kasei<