Lhasa

Lhasa Travel Guide

Lhasa is the capital of China's Tibet Autonomous Region , with the plateau and national characteristics of the international tourist city [1] . Tibet's political, economic, cultural and religious center, but also the Tibetan Buddhist shrine, located in Lhasa, the Tibetan plateau middle of the Himalayas on the north side, 3650 meters above sea (to anti- endogenous oxygen deficiency), located in the Brahmaputra tributary of the middle reaches of the Lhasa River Valley Plain, Lhasa River flows through this, in the southern suburbs of injection Brahmaputra. 

Lhasa more sunny weather throughout the year, rare rainfall, no cold winter, summer without heat, a pleasant climate. Year sunshine time in 3000 hours or more, known as " Nikko City " reputation. Lhasa territory is rich in all kinds of resources, relative to the national and autonomous regions of other cities, with a more obvious resource advantages.

As the first batch of Chinese historical and cultural city , Lhasa is famous for its beautiful scenery, long history, unique folk customs and strong folk customs. It has won the excellent tourist city of China , the favorite tourist city of European tourists, the national civilized city , the charm of Chinese characteristics City, China 's most secure city, such as the honorary title.


Graduation photo, scattered food to eat, graduation day day by day approaching, in this is about to go their separate days of the summer, what memorial to our passing youth? Youth will be on the road, these places suitable for graduation travel, have to go around it.


  • Chinese name

  • Lhasa

  • Foreign language name

  • Lhasa

  • Alias

  • Daylight city

  • Administrative category

  • Prefecture-level city

  • district belong to

  • Southwest Region

  • Under the jurisdiction of the area

  • Chengguan District , Duilongdeqing area , Lin Zhou , Dazi , Nigeria wood , Damxung , Qushui , Mozhugongka

  • Government resident

  • No. 69, Jiangsu Avenue, Chengguan District

  • Phone area code

  • (+86) 0891

  • Zip code

  • 850000

  • Location

  • China southwest border, Tibetan Plateau south

  • Area

  • 29,518 square kilometers (2013)

  • Population

  • 559,400 (2012)

  • Dialect

  • Tibetan - Tibetan Tibetan dialect

  • Climatic conditions

  • Plateau mountain climate

  • famous scenery

  • Potala Palace , Norbulingka , Jokhang Temple , Ramoche Temple , Drepung , Sera and other

  • Airport

  • Lhasa Gongga International Airport

  • TRAIN STATION

  • Lhasa Station , Lhasa South Station

  • License plate code

  • Possession of A

  • GDP

  • 38.946 billion yuan (2015)

  • Elevation

  • 3658 meters

  • Current leader

  • Party Secretary Qi Zhala , Mayor Zhang Yanqing

  • City flower

  • Gesang flowers

  • famous people

  • Ngapoi Ngawang Jimei and so on

  • Administrative code

  • 540100

  • Institutions of higher learning

  • Tibet University , Tibet Tibetan Medical College

table of Contents

  1. 1 History

  2. ▪ prehistoric times

  3. ▪ Tubo Dynasty

  4. ▪ Yuanzhi period

  5. ▪ The Ming Dynasty

  6. ▪ The period of clean-up

  7. ▪ Modern

  8. 2 administrative divisions

  9. ▪ History

  10. ▪ Division overview

  11. 3 Geographical environment

  1. ▪ Location domain

  2. ▪ Climate

  3. ▪ Terrain

  4. ▪ Hydrology

  5. 4 population

  6. 5 traffic

  7. ▪ Highway

  8. ▪ Railway

  9. ▪ Aviation

  10. ▪ Ring Road

  11. 6 Economy

  1. ▪ Overview

  2. ▪ First industry

  3. ▪ Secondary industry

  4. ▪ Tertiary industry

  5. 7 Social undertakings

  6. ▪ Education

  7. ▪ communication

  8. ▪ Health

  9. ▪ media

  10. ▪ Venue

  11. 8 cultural customs

  1. ▪ Festival

  2. ▪ Style

  3. 9 tourism resources

  4. ▪ Attractions

  5. ▪ specialty

  6. 10 city honor

  7. 11 Precautions


History

Prehistoric times

About the first century AD, the plateau appeared on the large and small clan tribes. After many years of war, but also assembled into a number of tribal alliances, of which the Shannan Valley Yalong tribal alliance, Ali region of the elephant kingdom and the Brahmaputra north of the Soviet Union tribal alliance is the most powerful. At this time, the ancient name of the Lhasa River "Yuki" has emerged. Lhasa location is known as "Jixiwo pot", meaning "Yichu River downstream fertile dam child." [2] 


Tubo Dynasty

Songzan Gambo

Songzan Gambo

About the sixth century the late seventh century and tough, the rise in Shannan - Yarlung tribal belt, expansion of the forces to the north of Lhasa. Songzan Gambo 's father, when the rule of the day, in the mother, Wei, tender and other families with the attack into the Chibong Song of the castle, occupied the Lhasa region. Shortly thereafter, Songzan Gambo succeeded. Songzan Gambo is a famous figure in the history of Tibet, known as the "brave and more young", in the history of Lhasa is also a great place. In order to consolidate and develop the newly established regime, to avoid the interference of various aristocratic aristocrats in the past, he decided to move the base from Shannan to Lhasa. About 633 years, Songzan Gambo in Lhasa to establish a strong Tibetan empire.

Before the move in Lhasa is a swamp barren; Songzan dry cloth after the capital, the palace fort, repair the river, built the monastery, laid the Lhasa city prototype. Jokhang Temple is built during this period. According to legend, there are karats filled with dead soil during the temple. Tibetan sheep called "mess", soil for the "Sa", Jokhang Temple is built after the "messa". As the Jokhang Temple is the earliest building, people will 'Jaisa' as the name of the city of Jokhang Temple as the center of the Han Chinese history of the 'Yixia "generally translated as" logical "," logical. " With the flourishing of Buddhism, people regarded the city as a holy place , "Lhasa" is the name of the time and still in use today.

Songzan Gambo had asked Tang Taizong and pro, was rejected, so sent a small army to invade the Tang empire , Tang Taizong finally promised to marry Princess Cheng Cheng . Today's Lhasa is still everywhere to see the monuments associated with them, and many of their statues are enshrined in the temples. 822 years, the Tang Dynasty envoy Liu Yuanding and so on into the possession, and the Tibetan monk set against the cloth , the big Xiang Qi Qi children Union League in the eastern suburbs of Lhasa, still Jade Temple carved stone.

Tubo warrior

Tubo warrior

Songzan Gambo after the history of Zambo expansion of Lhasa, so that increasingly perfect. In the 8th century , the Ch'i Zuzu promoted the Dharma, and built many monasteries in Lhasa. Akamatsu de Zen after the throne, the further ban benzene Xing Buddha, to consolidate the status of Buddhism, repair and expansion of Lhasa Jokhang Temple. At the same time in Pabangka and Zaoba and other places to build a lot of monasticism , and to the temple assigned to children. With the expansion of the territory and the development of foreign exchange, business activities gradually become frequent, the formation of some important business gathering point, Lhasa as the seat of the capital, naturally become an important commodity distribution center, in the whole Tu Shan trade It occupies an important position. Chisong Dezan also built the Jade Karma Qiong Temple in the hot horse hill in the southern suburbs of Lhasa, and built the Wenjiang Island Palace on the east bank of the Jiqu River in southwest of Lhasa.

After the death of Chisong Dezan, the hotspot Zambo (about 815-88 reign) continued to regard Lhasa as the center of the Dharma. In his full support, completed the expansion of the temple around the Jokhang Temple, that is, the two places of the deer and wood deer Buddha; the south of the construction of the Karma and Karma Bawo two Buddhist temple; Is Kangtangma two house. In the southwest of Sangpu River in Lhasa, the Russian-like land on the east bank of the Jiqu River has created a large monastery named Komaizha Gesei.

The end of the eighth century, the Tibetan society continued to turbulence, in Lhasa and the surrounding areas have occurred Langdama Buddha and slaves civilians uprising major events. ZAP Lang Darma in 838 years to the throne after his predecessor, ZAP and take a completely different policy, ordered the closure of all the territory of the Tibetan Buddhist temple, forcing all the monks return to secular life, burned all the Buddhist scriptures. These measures aroused strong opposition from the huge Buddhist organizations in the Tubo community, and in 842, Randamar was assassinated by the monk Begi Dorje in the Jokhang Monastery, and the powerful Tubo Empire was on the verge of collapse.

In 857 years, the Tubo Bangluo civilians launched the uprising, while the Lhasa as the center of the two slave family Lushi and Pah 's because of the serious conflict of interest, there has been a long war. The rebels used the time of their fire and invaded the heart of the Tubo Empire. The civic uprising lasted for decades, and the Tubo community finally collapsed in the uprising storm. After hundreds of years, the Tubo split into many ministries, the rapid decline in the status of Lhasa, and the destruction of many historic buildings.


Yuanzhi period

Collection of the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty in the Potala Palace

Collection of the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty in the Potala Palace

Split separatist late, the Lhasa region repeatedly occurred Lu regret, Pakistan, provoke, levy four groups of war. 1160 years, in Lhasa, Yalong Peng Bo area, four groups attack each other. Continuous war, not only to the lives and property of Lhasa Tibetans and caused great harm to agricultural production, but also destroyed the Jokhang, Ramoche part of the losses. Shortly after Caiba drink in the Lhasa area rise, and gradually replaced the other local forces in Lhasa's position.

In 1239, Cai Baku sent factions to the Mongolian region to start diplomacy, the Chinese emperor Yuanzu Kublai strong thanks to Caiba Manor 3700 people. The mid-13th century, the Yuan Dynasty divided Tsang ten dry million, Cai bar is classified as one of the three million. Cai Bavan as an important force in the area of Lhasa, in the history of the development of Lhasa played a major role, but also had a lot of achievements. It is not only built Caiba Temple , Gong Tang Temple, and Cai Ba Kueju's founder to respect Zhu Zaba, his disciples and ancient Cai Ba Wan long also long-term careful management of the Jokhang Temple, and many times on the big show Temple for renovation. Also had to organize the power to clear the waterway, reinforcement embankment, once the city to revive.


The Ming Dynasty

In 1409, the famous Yellow Sect ancestor Tsongkhapa in Lhasa founded the first pledge Dafa. In the same year he built the first large monastery of the Gelug Sect, the Ganden Monastery and the Huangjiao Monastery, on the hill west of Lhasa . In 1416, Tsongkhapa's disciples down the Central Qujing Tashi Baidan in the large aristocratic Han Wu Sang Sang cloth with the support of the western suburbs of Lhasa about 10 km away the construction of the Drepung Monastery , 1419, Tsongkhapa's other disciple, the Qing dynasty, built the salad temple in the northern suburbs of Lhasa .

The imperial edict of the emperor

The imperial edict of the emperor

The Gelug Sects are based on these three large monasteries, growing their own forces. About the early 16th century, Tsongkhapa statue disciple Ji · hi cells specialized study about hate Tantric, Tantric College was established in Lhasa that is under the Privy Council . Later, Gong Ga Dayton beads in the upper part of the Tantric College also built on the homes , the formation of the famous on the next secret homes. Over the next period of time, like around Sengge group also has a salad at Dan Sera mountains, Caigong Tang, Dazi of Deqinsangang Carl maizhokunggar county Jimmy times and Peng Bo bamboo knot to continue the construction of the suburbs of Lhasa Some similar monasteries. Since then, Lhasa Buddhism flourished.

The Ming dynasty also opened a number of tea and horse trade in the border of Tibet , the mainland of paper, silk, tea and other tea through the mutual access to Tibet, Tibet, cattle, sheep, horse exchange to the mainland, the mainland and Tibet border economic exchanges are very close The


Qingzhi period

The Fifth Dalai Lama sees Shunzhi Emperor

The Fifth Dalai Lama sees Shunzhi Emperor

In 1644, the Qing Dynasty entered the Central Plains, unified the country, and gradually established the rule of the Tibet region. From the 17th century to the 18th century , the fifth Dalai Lama to the Eighth Dalai Lama , Tibet politics is relatively stable, relatively peaceful society, Lhasa city development is relatively fast. During this period there were two major turmoil in Lhasa, one is the 1717 Xinjiang Junggar invasion, one is 1727 years ago , possession of the war, by the Qing Dynasty sent troops to quell. In particular, between 1727 and 1788 AD, except in 1750, the king of the city of Djjolmutematz was punished for a brief riot, the Lhasa people over a full 50 years without social unrest and war smoke days of peace. During this period Lhasa built a large number of aristocratic mansion, living Buddha temple, government yamen, as well as shops, workshops, restaurants, hotels, houses and so on. At this time, Lhasa city to the Jokhang Temple as the center to extend the radiation around, and constantly expand, east to the mosque , south to the three presume of the temple, west to the glass bridge , north to the small temple, basically formed today's old city pattern The To Qingrenzong Jiaqing (1796-1821) years, Lhasa residents have more than 5,000 households, the population of up to 30,000.

1727 (Yongzheng five years), the Qing Dynasty stationed in Tibet, the central government Resident Minister , Government Office was first set up in Lhasa Tromzikhang . At the end of the 18th century AD in the west of Lubuli Lin built in the Minister of the bureaucracy, Lhasa people called "Duo Sengge" (stone lion). The central government of the Qing Dynasty also stationed in Tibet, the barracks in the northern suburbs of Lhasa, where the place.

After the death of the Dalai Lama in 1757, Emperor Qianlong implemented the regent in Tibet, that was, before the death of the previous generation of the Dalai Lama to the generation of the Dalai Lama, Commonly known as regent . De Mu live Buddha, policy Mexican living Buddha, heat Zhenhuo Buddha, merit forest living Buddha, have served as Regent Wang. They have built in Lhasa tall and magnificent, gorgeous spectacular temple. At the same time, the Dalai Lama's family, the size of the monks and nobles of the mansion, also competing in the city of Lhasa to start construction. In the Potala Palace about 2 km west of the establishment of the Norbulingka , after Diego expansion, an area of 360,000 square meters into a large garden. The formation of the Potala Palace as the center, radiation Barkhor Street , Robbinska around 3 square kilometers of the ancient city of Lhasa .

At that time, Tibetan businessmen, mainland businessmen, Bhutan , Nepal , Indian businessmen,

The Western explorers painted in the late Qing Dynasty map of Lhasa

The Western explorers painted in the late Qing Dynasty map of Lhasa

Have gathered in Lhasa business, Chong Saikang, iron Benkang, Kennedy Kang , Wang Hegeng, Barkou Street to become the five major markets in Lhasa. Islam believers live in the east of the river dam forest area, mostly slaughter and grinding for the occupation: Han residents live in the south, vegetables, with the majority of wine. This one, two hundred years is the fourth large-scale construction of Lhasa period, but also the general rule of the Ganden quite Zhang regime.


Modern

In 1890, China and the United Kingdom signed the " Sino-British meeting of the Tibetan Treaty ", angry three monks and the masses to be strongly condemned. In 1904, Lhasa was invaded by British imperialism. Many Lama armed revolt, many other Tibetans also sword and dagger, to participate in the battle. In 1924, some pro-British officers tried to coup, the defendant, the 13th Dalai Lama recalled the head of the Tibetan army commander velvet. After trying to build a mechanical factory, was mistaken for the British Council, was hated by the British imperialist assault.

October 1, 1949, the Central People's Broadcasting Station declared: "The Chinese People's Liberation Army must."

1944 Lhasa (ten Shide wood living Buddha works)

1944 Lhasa (ten Shide wood living Buddha works)

The liberation of Tibet, including Inner Mongolia, Hainan, Taiwan, including Chinese territory. "November 2, 1949, the Tibetan Government sent a letter to Mao Zedong (when he was Chairman of the Communist Party of China ), expressed the hope that talks sent this Xiaga Ba Zi, Zi Jiang worthy poor soil Dengjia Bo · duo represented. Two when the visa representative in Hong Kong, Beijing notified the Government: the incoming Chinese Ambassador to India Delhi Ambassador will meet with them on behalf of Beijing's statement:. "Tibet by the central government is responsible for defense, recognizes that Tibet is part of China. After recognizing the above conditions, delegates can go to Beijing in order to make a decision. " Gaxag government that can not accept, thus, peace talks can not be carried out.

October 7, 1950, by Wang Qimei led the People's Liberation Army to the Kuang district capital Qamdo launched

The peaceful liberation of Lhasa in 1951

The peaceful liberation of Lhasa in 1951

Attack, and soon defeated the Tibetan army. 19 captured Chandou. Prisoner to more than the head of the governor Ngapoi Ngawang Jin and its accompanying staff. On October 7, 1950, Tibet's Gaxa was submitted to the Secretary -General of the United Nations : "The Tibetan people are clearly unable to stop the advance of the Chinese Communist Party, and Tibetans have promised to hold talks with the Chinese government, although the Tibetan people who love peace peace The hope of the Chinese Communist Party in the war is not great, but we believe that the United Nations will certainly help to fight it anywhere in the world. "But because Tibet does not become a United Nations to recognize the country, Time belongs to China, so the United Nations did not intervene.

After the battle of Changdu , the PLA stopped the military action, the release of all Tibetan prisoners. At the invitation of the central government, the Dalai Lama and the Tibetan government delegation went to Beijing to hold talks with them. In April 1951, five delegations headed by Ngapoi Ngawang Jinmei went to Beijing.

May 1951 the Chinese People's Liberation Army peace to take over Lhasa.

1960 formally established Lhasa city.

Potala Palace

Potala Palace

  • Origin of the name


Lhasa impression

Lhasa impression (20 photos)

Lhasa ancient called "Yixia", Tibetan "goat" called "mess", "soil" called "Sa". "Lhasa", Tibetan translation for the oral language "yes", do things just respect the Buddha's will, such as rationalization, also said that accurate, undoubtedly with the change, the difference between the least, lost thousands of miles. Is through "Temple" and "paternity". Here to Buddha Temple Li City, named Lhasa City. The first appeared in the history of the "Lhasa" word, seen in the year 806 AD Zidan Chande Songzan established "Karma Qiong Temple monument", which has words: "sacred Zamu ancestors Songzan world, Lhasa Jokhang Temple. "Thus, Lhasa city name, has appeared for nearly 1200 years.



Administrative divisions

History

Administrative divisions of Lhasa

Administrative divisions of Lhasa

After the peaceful liberation of Tibet in 1951, Lhasa, the ink of the central portion of the jurisdiction of Lhasa (within Lingkor road); Sherpa khungs jurisdiction Luomai suburbs of Lhasa River, such as Long Creek, Zhashi Creek, off Bryn River, Cai River , mussels Heap (heap reactor) Creek, Le Wu River, South wood Jie Gang Creek, Longba River, Zhaxi, Chang Valley Creek, Nie Dangxi, Jiangxi, Dongga Zong, South wood Ji Cai River, Qu Longxi, ancient collapse Tangxi, Deqingzong and other 18 river.

1954 Lhasa Lhasa, the ink of the jurisdiction; guard zone duct doors jurisdiction Nigeria Cameroon Creek, Qushui cases YBJ Guo Ba, Ba Guo Ma Jiang, Duilongdeqing cases Sarah Creek, Long Pond Creek, Kazi Creek, Lin Zhouzong , Ink Zhuchen card cases, the East Gazong, Deqingzong, Dazizong , Cai River , Le Wu River, South wood Jie Gang Creek, Luoxi River, Xie Zhongxi, Zhashi Creek, Qu Longxi, folding cloth Creek, South Wood Creek, Nie when the river, Lang Ru River, clam heap, Zhaxi, Longba River, Chang Valley and other 28 streams.

1960 set up in Lhasa City, was originally a song of the song when the male, up to wood Qukel, white warehouse Creek, Dabo

Lhasa scenery

Lhasa scenery (16 photos)

 Wrong (color), next to the river into the city of Lhasa. Will be folded cloth Linxi, Lok Meixi, Langruxi, Cai Creek, Qu Longxi, Zhasi Creek into the city of Lhasa; Lin Zhouzong and the next Zong, Sarah River, Langtang Creek, Kazi River merger set Lin Zhouxian (in the loose disk); to Dangxiong and Yang Bajing Guoba, Ningzhong Guo Ba, Namu Lake Kuba and other merged with Dangxiong County; to Zizi and Deqingzong, (In the village of Taba); to Qu Shui and the color Creek, Nanmu River, Xie Zhongxi, Nie Dangxi set together Qu Shuixian (in the village of snow ); Niu Nimen Kagawa and Ma Jiang Guo Ba combined set Nimu County (in the tower of Rong); to pile Long Deqingzong and Leo River, East Gazong merger set up Long Deqing County (in Lang Ga). Lhasa City, a total of jurisdiction when the male (in the song card), Nepal wood, Qu water, heap Long Deqing, Dazi, Lin Zhou, ink bamboo workers card 7 counties.


1964 original Linzhi area belongs to Nyingchi (in Nepalese village), rice (in the East Village), workers cloth Jiangda (in the German), Medog County 4 into the city of Lhasa leadership. Ink bamboo workers card county moved to work card; Linzhi County moved to Pula. Lhasa City jurisdiction 11 counties.

Linzhou County in 1975 moved by the loose board next to the more.

In 1977, Lhasa City Lin Zhou (next to more), when the male (in the song card), ink bamboo card (in the workers card), Nepal (in tower Rong), Milin (in the East Village), Medog, Zi (in Deqing), Qu water (in the snow village), heap Long Deqing (in Lang Ga), Nyingchi (in Pula), workers cloth Jiangda 11 counties.


Zoning profile

November 2015, the State Council has recently approved the revocation of the original Lhasa City Duo Long Deqing County, the establishment of Lhasa City Duo Long Deqing District . This is the second district of Lhasa City following Chengguan District. [7] 

As of 2015, Lhasa city jurisdiction 2 municipal districts, 6 counties, a total of 64 townships (towns, offices), 269 village committees (community neighborhood committees). [8] 

Administrative divisions of Lhasa (as of 2013)

County

area

population

Zip code

Administrative division code
  

Government resident

streettowntownship

Chengguan District

523

279074

850000

540102Kyrgyzstan Castle Street
  
7/4
Duo Long Deqing District267952249851400540103Donggai town
  
/25

Lin Zhouxian

4512

50246

851600

540121

Gan Dan Qu fruit town

/19

Dangxiong County

12000

46463

851500

540122

When the song card town

/26

Nimo County

3275

28149

851300

540123

Tower town

/17

Qushui County

1680

31860

850600

540124

Quishui town

/15

Dazi County

1373

26708

850100

540126

Deqing town

/15

Ink bamboo workers card county

5620

44674

850200

540127

Work card town

/17

Reference Source [9] 


Geographical environment

Location domain

Lhasa is located in the southeastern part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, the Yarlung Zangbo River tributary of the Lhasa River north shore, geographical coordinates for the longitude 91 ° 06 ', latitude 29 ° 36'. The city's administrative area east-west span of 277 kilometers, north-south span of 202 kilometers, with a total area of 29,518 square kilometers. [8] 


climate


Lhasa City scenery

Lhasa City scenery (20 photos)

Climate is a plateau temperate semi-arid monsoon climate zone, annual sunshine hours 3000 hours, more than 1800 hours in Chengdu, Sichuan Province, China's largest eastern city of Shanghai more than 1100 hours, among the top cities in China, it is " Nikko City " The name of the.


Lhasa is located in the Himalayas veins on the north side, the affected downdraft, sunny weather throughout the year and more scarce rainfall, winter cold, summer heat, semi-arid plateau temperate monsoon climate. The highest temperature of 29.6 degrees Celsius, the minimum temperature minus 16.5 degrees Celsius, the annual average temperature of 7.4 degrees Celsius. Rainfall concentrated in 6,7,8,9 month full-year sunshine time of more than 3000 hours, known as "Nikko City" reputation.

Annual precipitation of 200-510 mm, concentrated in the 6-9 months, more rain, known as the rainy season. Strong solar radiation, thin air, low temperature, large temperature difference between day and night, cold and dry winter and windy. Year frost-free period of 100 to 120 days. [10] 


terrain

The unique scenery of the Peak in the western part of the mountain

The unique scenery of the Peak in the western part of the mountain

Lhasa is located in the middle of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau , 3650 meters above sea level, is one of the highest cities in the world, the terrain north high south low, from east to west tilt, south and south of the Brahmaputra tributary Lhasa River valley plains, flat.

100 km north of Lhasa, stands Nian Qing Tangla Snowy Mountains , north along the Nam Co , the highest peak elevation of 7117 meters. Green read Tanggula Mountains stand in the Tibetan Plateau Central, about 600 km from west to east, west hillock it KUKA shame, extending southeast mountain range of Bo Shula Ridge phase, the central bulge slightly northward, it is the Yarlung Zangbo and Nujiang Two waters of the watershed, while the Tibet Autonomous Region is divided into northern Tibet, southern Tibet, Southeast Tibet three major areas. Great Tanggula altitude 5231 meters, is a green, natural dividing line between the two provinces Tibet is the Qinghai-Tibet line of State Road 109, the highest point. "Nyainqentanglula", the Tibetan meaning "Ling Ying grassland God", the four peaks and its surrounding areas have been strong Quaternary glaciation , forming a more steep mountain , especially the northwest slope is steep exception.


Hydrology


Lhasa

Lhasa (18 photos)

Lhasa River is the mother river of Lhasa City , originated in the south of the Nyainqentanglha Mountains in the south of the town Passing through Nagqu , when hung, Lin Zhou, Mozhugongka, Dazi , Chengguan, Duilongdeqing to Qushui, Brahmaputra River is one of the larger tributaries , a total length of 495 km, the basin area of 31,760 square kilometers; maximum flow of 2830 cubic meters M / s, the minimum flow of 20 cubic meters / second, the annual area of traffic 287 cubic meters / second; altitude 5500 meters from the source to the estuary 3580 meters, is one of the world's highest rivers. This river belongs to the type of snowmelt and rain and rain , the amount of water with the temperature of the amount of precipitation and how much change.


Lhasa river basin most of the mountain, towering peaks, steep slope, terrain tilt from north to south, Nyainqêntanglha pulse will fathered modest modern glaciers, most of the right bank tributary of the river basin, most originated in glaciers, lakes originated in the left bank tributaries Or swamps .

Lhasa River in Linzhou County, Tang and above the valley was "V" type, the following to the ink Zhaoka County, the river valley widened, about 1-1.5 km wide, began to appear on the floodplain, floodplain on the vegetation, the section of the river more regular , The two sides of the distribution of three consecutive terraces: three terraces higher than the river water level 40-50 meters, the table for the thickness of 50-80 cm sand surface soil, the growth of lush grass, is a natural good pasture; Higher than the river water level 20-30 meters; a terraced river level above 10-20 meters, most have been reclaimed into arable land.

Along the river is the valley alluvial plain, the width of 1-10 km, arable land area of about 57 million mu, these areas, mild climate, flat terrain, thick soil, abundant water, is one of the main grain producing areas of Tibet.


population


Lhasa Highway

Lhasa Highway (22 photos)

At the end of 2009, the city's registered population of 51.53 million, an increase of 16,900 people. Among them, the urban household population (non-agricultural population) 21.14 million, an increase of 07,600 people, rural household population (agricultural population) 30.39 million, an increase of 0.93 million.


At the end of 2010, the city's registered population of 55.9 million people.

The end of 2011, the city's registered population of 57.61 million people. [11] 


traffic

highway

As of the end of 2012, the city's highway mileage of 3886 kilometers.

state RoadSichuan - Tibet HighwayQinghai - Tibet HighwayNew Tibet Highway
China and Nepal HighwayYunnan-Tibet Highway [12] 
Provincial highwayLhasa to Yadong HighwayLhasa to the wrong road [13] 


railway

Qinghai - Tibet Railway , is the implementation of the western development strategy of the iconic work

Tibet Airlines

Tibet Airlines

Cheng, is one of the four major projects in the new century , the road east of Qinghai Xining, west of Lhasa, a total length of 1956 kilometers. Among them, Xining to Golmud section 814 km was spread in 1979, put into operation in 1984. Qinghai-Tibet Railway from Golmud to Lhasa section, north of Qinghai Province Golmud City , the Nachitai , five beams , Tuotuohe , Yanshiping, over the Tanggula , and then by the Tibet Autonomous Region Amdo, Nagqu, when hung, Yangbajing to Lhasa, a total length of 1142 km. Which 1110 km new line, in June 29, 2001 officially started. Qinghai-Tibet Railway is the world's highest altitude, the longest line of highland railway. July 1, 2006 officially opened to traffic. [14] 

Chartered: can be directly in the online chartered, the current number of online chartered platform, such as interesting car. Direct network orders, an appointment time, the driver will arrive at the specified time .


aviation

Lhasa Gunga Airport is located in the south of the cliffs of the town of Gunga in the south of the city of Zarago, with an altitude of 3600 meters and a length of 45 meters and 45 meters from the airport. It is located at 4E for the Boeing 747, Airbus and other large airplanes Take off and land, is one of the highest civil airports in the world. In 2007, the passenger capacity of Gonggar Airport reached 1187,104 passengers.

July 26, 2011 China Tibet Airlines Co., Ltd. officially maiden voyage, the first maiden route for the Lhasa - Ali . Tibet Airlines is mainly engaged in domestic air passenger and cargo transport business, headquartered in Lhasa Gonggar Airport, is the first local base in Tibet Airlines, is also the world's first plateau-based operation of the airline. [15] 


Ring road

January 3, 2016, Lhasa, Tibet, an average elevation of more than 3600 meters, the upcoming Lhasa City Ring Road will become the highest elevation of the city around the city, which surrounds the city of Lhasa, a total length of nearly 100 km, the road a total of seven tunnels , 27 bridges, will cross the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. [16] 


economic

Profile


Qinghai-Tibet Railway

Qinghai-Tibet Railway (2 photos)


In 2012 the city to achieve regional GDP (GDP) 26.004 billion yuan, up 12.2% over the previous year. 2012, the proportion of three industries followed by 4.1%, 34.9%, 61.0%, respectively, stimulated economic growth of 0.3,5.0 and 6.9 percentage points. Compared with the previous year, the proportion of the primary industry decreased by 0.4 percentage points, the proportion of the secondary industry increased by 1.0 percentage points, the proportion of the tertiary industry decreased by 0.6 percentage points.

In 2013, Lhasa City is expected to achieve regional GDP of 31.2 billion yuan, up 20% over the previous year, accounting for 39% of the total; total retail sales of social consumer goods 15 billion yuan, up 20%, accounting for 51.9% %. [17] 


primary industry

Lhasa, a higher level of agriculture and animal husbandry, the main planting barley , wheat, rape. North of Lhasa Damxung county and Nepal wood , Duilongdeqing, Lin Zhou , Mozhugongka part of a rural area in northern Tibet grassland along the south, lush, thriving animal husbandry, rich in cattle and sheep meat, butter , cattle cashmere and wool; the middle of the famous Lhasa valley, the southern part of the Yarlung Zangbo River, one of the better agricultural areas in Tibet, rich in barley, wheat, rapeseed and beans, "Lhasa No. 1" broad bean is renowned Chinese and foreign varieties.

Agriculture and animal husbandry: In 2012 the city's agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery output value of 1.771 billion yuan, comparable prices, an increase of 3.9% over the previous year. Agriculture output value of 752 million yuan, an increase of 2.5%; forestry output value of 039 million yuan, an increase of 18.5%; animal husbandry output value of 940 million yuan, an increase of 5.0%; fishery output value of 0.01 million, down 31.0%; Billion, down 4.0%.

Planting area: The total crop area of the year is 38,500 hectares, an increase of 0.06 million hectares over the previous year. Grain planting area of 26,100 hectares, unchanged from the previous year. The area of wheat barley was 16,508.03 hectares, an increase of 56.88 hectares over the previous year; wheat planting area of 8996.85 hectares, an increase of 4.01 hectares over the previous year; rape cultivation area of 3939.77 hectares, an increase of 121.34 hectares over the previous year; vegetable cultivation area of 4626.75 hectares, An increase of 596.5 hectares.

Livestock and aquatic products production: the end of the total livestock population of 1.3542 million head (only, horses), of which the large livestock population of 70.06 million, pigs out of 30800; meat production of 31,400 tons, unchanged from the previous year; Egg production 583.61 tons, up 105.2%; milk production 32,800 tons, up 3.0%; aquatic product output 155.24 tons, unchanged from the previous year.


Secondary industry

Lhasa in the textile, leather, plastic, matches and weaving and other industries, the traditional methods and mechanized workers

Lhasa style

Lhasa style (19 photos)

 Art coexist. National handicraft production has made great progress, Tibet Lhasa carpet factory production of the carpet has a good sales. [18] 


2012 all industrial added value of 3.23 billion yuan, up 19.3% over the previous year. Scale industrial added value of 2.698 billion yuan, an increase of 19.5%, of which the added value of municipal enterprises 1.426 billion yuan, an increase of 14.6%. At the end of 2012, the city a total of 45 industrial enterprises above designated size, an increase of 15.4%; annual sales of industrial products above designated size was 96.1%, down 2 percentage points over the previous year. Of which: state-owned industrial enterprises product sales rate of 97%, non-state industrial enterprises product sales rate of 95%.


Tertiary Industry

At the end of 2012, the city has a total of 50 enterprises above designated size, an increase of 13.6%; full year total retail sales of social consumer goods 12.456 billion yuan, up 18.5% over the previous year. The retail sales of trade enterprises above designated size were 3.819 billion yuan, up by 8.6 percent over the previous year, accounting for 30.7 percent of the total retail sales of social consumer goods. 2012 the city's total import and export trade 3.33 billion US dollars, up 154.7% over the previous year. Of which: exports of $ 3.161 billion, an increase of 188.0%, of which local products 37 million US dollars, accounting for 1.1% of total exports; imports of 06,900,000,000, down 60.9%.

In 2012 the city received 650.83 million tourists at home and abroad, an increase of 26.5% over the previous year. Among them: domestic tourists 644,800 people, an increase of 28.2%; inbound tourists 60000 person-time, down 48.3%. Annual tourism total income of 6.548 billion yuan, an increase of 28.1%; tourism foreign exchange income 24,579,600 US dollars, down 41.9%.


Social cause

education

At the end of 2012, there were 6 colleges and universities (1 higher vocational colleges), 1 secondary vocational schools, 14 ordinary middle schools, 87 primary schools, 94 kindergartens and 1 special schools. The school enrollment rate of primary school children reached 99.8%, the consolidation rate of 101.4%; junior high school enrollment rate of 101.68%, the consolidation rate remained at 99.26%. The high school enrollment rate was 82%.

As of 2012, the city has a total of 6 colleges and universities, general higher education (including adult education) enrollment 8225 people, 23593 students, graduates 5568 people; graduate education enrollment 170 people, 423 graduate students, 102 graduates; Secondary vocational education students in 1606 people. The city's high school, junior high school education enrollment of 12439 people, 36,612 students in school, graduates 11761 people, high school stage gross enrollment rate reached 80.8%, junior high school enrollment rate of 99.47%. Primary school enrollment 8153 people, 47,791 students, 7586 graduates, primary school age school enrollment rate of 99.76%. Special education enrollment 5 people, 175 students in school. Kindergarten in the garden children 11092 people. Primary school, junior high school education "three packs of funds" continues to increase, all kinds of school government financial funds are also increasing.


Communication

In 2012, the total amount of post and telecommunications services was 128.38689 million yuan, up by 71.6% over the previous year. The total value of postal services was 461.333 million yuan, up by 23.7%; the total amount of telecom services was 124163.56 million yuan, up by 21.8%. The total number of fixed and mobile phone users reached 20.23 million at the end of the year, including 93.56 million mobile phone users and 11.11 million new subscribers.


health

At the end of 2010, there were 547 health institutions, including 22 hospitals (including 2 military hospitals), 50 hospitals, 7 community health service centers, 9 health and epidemic prevention institutions, maternal and child health centers (The station) 6, clinics, health clinics, medical room 220, village health room 230, other institutions 3. The hospital has 2545 legal beds.

At the end of 2012, there were 451 health institutions (including village clinics) and 2325 medical beds. There are 4 medical beds per thousand people. All kinds of health technical personnel 3552 people, including: practice (assistant) physician 1541 people. Every thousand people have six health technical staff.


Media

Lhasa People's Broadcasting Station is the only radio station in Lhasa and the youngest provincial capital city radio station in China.

As of the end of 2010, Lhasa City, a total of two radio stations, two television stations, radio comprehensive population coverage and comprehensive population coverage of television were 96.29% and 96.04%. Published 60.43 million copies of newspapers throughout the year, all kinds of magazines 1.6 million, 14.46 million books.


Venues

As of the end of 2010, the city a total of cultural centers (stations), the masses of art museum 23, a public library, a museum.


Cultural customs

festival

Tibetan calendar New Year : Tibetan people

LhasaLhasa

People from the Tibetan calendar in December to prepare for the New Year, the first day of the Lunar New Year is the first day of the New Year, they do the first thing is to send the people back to the river back to the New Year's first bucket of water - auspicious water from the first two days, visiting family and friends with each other, the New Year congratulations, this lasted 35 days during the Tibetan New Year, in the square or open grassland, we jump circle surrounded pot village dance , harp dance, the guitar, cymbals , Gongs and other instruments of the accompaniment, hand in hand, people suffer to step for the festival, singing and, the children are set off firecrackers.

Niu Wang : Niu Wang will start from the lunar month on August 15, the general extension of more than 10 days, and sometimes even lasted a month long. The number of people often more than a thousand people. During the reign of the King of the Ox, people want to chanting, blowing yak horns, killing dozens of yaks or hundreds of sheep. As the King of cattle will be a huge cost, so nearly a hundred years this large-scale cattle king will only once. Members of the Niu Wang will have a common blood relationship, it also belongs to the ancestral worship of cultural festivals.

Chuan Dafa : the largest religious festival in Tibet. Then Drepung , Sera and Ganden monks are concentrated in the three major monasteries in Lhasa Jokhang Temple. This will be the continuation of the prayer assembly held by the founder of the Gelug Sect at the prayer conference held in Lhasa in 1409, and since then, the scale has been expanded and enriched so that the pledge will become a fixed religious holiday. At the time of creation.

Butter Festival : January 15 Tibetan pass Zhao Dafa is the last day, during the day, people go to the temple pilgrims each prayer; night, Lhasa Barkhor held ghee lantern will, put up all kinds of flower streets, filled with the above There are colorful gods, figures and birds and flowers and trees, as well as puppet show. Night, suburban farmers to sing and dance, the song game, and sometimes extended for several days to end, this is the most lively Zala, the most lively festival.

Sakya Dawa Festival : Tibetan calendar April 15 is the founder of Buddhism, the birth of Sakyamuni, Chengdao and passed away days, but also the Tibetan people's traditional festivals, the annual Tibetan calendar this day, Tibetan men and women dressed in festive costumes, according to Their traditional customs , in droves to gather in the majestic Potala Palace behind the Dragon King Lake held this holy festival.

Bathing Festival : the Tibetan people have a traditional festival, the bath festival to be five or six days, during the festival, regardless of town or country, rural or pastoral areas, people carrying tents and butter tea, highland barley wine, tsampa and other food, have come Lhasa River, Yarlung Zangbo River, came to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, thousands of miles behind the lake, enjoy playing in the water, swimming.

Shoton Festival : Shoton Festival is one of the largest traditional festivals in Tibet, "Shoton" means yogurt, Shoton Festival in the seventeenth century is a purely religious festivals, according to the provisions of Tibetan Buddhism , The annual Tibetan calendar in June for the ban, the size of the monks and monks of the monks and nuns are not allowed to go out, so as not to trample insects , to the Tibetan calendar July 1 lifted the day, they have down the mountain, when farmers and herdsmen to come up with ready The yogurt offer. This is the origin of the Shoton Festival.

During the holiday season, the Tibetan people in groups, men, women and children to carry, carrying a variety of burden, hand-held barley barrels, and some also put up tents, covered with card mats , carpets, put highland barley, dishes and other festive food Robin Kane , autonomous regions and institutions will also be large-scale cultural activities, academic seminars, economic and trade exchanges will be arranged during the Shoton Festival, the scene more bustling.

Jockey Festival : horse race is a favorite of the Tibetan people an activity, it is not only a collection of spare time for farming, agriculture and animal husbandry production experience of the place, but also the Tibetan people's spiritual display. In all the folk passages of the Tibetan festivals, almost all of the racing activities. The horse is not only in the form of a motif in the festivals, more importantly, the establishment of the faith in the Tibetan people above the Tibetan people, the formation of such a national tradition of the "Horse Festival", and this event has your long history.

Wangguo Festival : "Wang fruit" section is the Tibetan people once a year wish the harvest of agriculture festival. On the same day, the Tibetan people are dressed in festive costumes, some with flags, some carrying highland barley, wheat tied into the harvest tower, harvest tower tied with white " Hada ", holding slogans, some knock Gongs and drums, singing songs and Tibetan opera, and some carrying Chairman Mao like, around the earth circle, after the circle, people carrying tents, highland barley wine, while saying that the ancient road, while carnival drink, and some also held traditional horse racing, archery , Race yak , horse riding picka and song and dance, Tibetan opera game.


Style

To the Potala Palace and Barkhor Street as the center of the Lhasa Metro, north to the salad temple , west heap Long Deqing County. Overlooking the city of Lhasa, post and telecommunications buildings, news buildings, Lhasa hotels , Tibet hotels and colored buildings dotted with each other, repeatedly, a new hui. Standing on the top of the Potala Palace overlooking the whole city of Lhasa, the whole city of Lhasa everywhere is a piece of shade in the green trees in the new building, only eight landscape area flying the streamer , rippling Sang smoke. Here, quite thick with ethno-style houses and streets, people gathered from all over the Tibetan areas, many of them still wearing the nation's traditional clothing , it appeared from their hands and rosary prayer wheel Buddhism fact clearly shows Has become a way of life.


Travel Resources


Attractions

Lhasa has many monuments,

User travel charts

User travel chart (8 photos)

 Potala Palace , Jokhang Temple and Norbulingka are listed as world cultural heritage . The main tourist attractions are the Drepung , Sera , Ramoche , were angular Lu Kang , Tibetan Tomb , Tsurphu Monastery , Lhasa Mosque , song tribute ruins , Tibet Museum , Chakpori , Drikung Kagyu monastery complex , etc. , The main business district has Barkhor Street , Yu Tu Road Pedestrian Street, Lhasa Department Store and so on. Surrounded by the economic value and medical role of the geothermal hot springs everywhere, heap Long Deqing County Qu Sang Hot Springs, ink Zhucheng Gongxian County in the German hot springs renowned throughout the Tibetan area.


Lhasa main attractions
  
 Introductionimage
Potala Palace

Potala Palace was built in the 7th century, is the Tibetan king Songzan Gambo to marry the Tibetan Tang Dynasty Princess Cheng Cheng built. Potala Palace is located in the center of Lhasa, Hongshan, the highest elevation of 3767.19 meters, is the world's highest ancient palace. From the foot of the footsteps to the top, a total of more than 900 stone steps. Potala Palace by the Red Palace, the White House composed of two parts, the red palace center, the White House across the wings, red and white, group buildings overlap, is set palaces, castles, mausoleum and monastery in one of the magnificent building.

Potala PalacePotala Palace

Jokhang Temple

Jokhang Temple was built in the seventh century, the heyday of the Tubo Dynasty, Tibet is the most glorious Tibetan period of the building, Tibet is also the oldest civil structure of the building, creating a Tibetan Pingchuan style of the temple layout. The Jokhang Temple combines the architectural styles of Tibetan, Tang, Nepal and India, and has become an ancient model of Tibetan religious architecture.

Jokhang TempleJokhang Temple

Norbulingka

Norbulingka is located in the western suburbs of Lhasa, was built in the eighteenth century building with Kelsang Phodrang, golden Phodrang, Dadeng Ming Phodrang long as the main body, there is room 374, man-made garden in Tibet is the largest and most scenic Good, monuments most of the garden. There is the only zoo in Lhasa. There are doors on both sides of the Norbulingka, the east is the main entrance. Kang Songsi round is the most prominent of a loft, it was originally a small Chinese-style kiosks, after the renovation for the concept of the theater, the east and the addition of a relaxed venue for the show, specifically for the Dalai Lama to see the play. It is next to the Chapelle Lacan, is a place for religious etiquette. It has a Gaxagian office and conference room on the north side.

NorbulingkaNorbulingka

Namco wrongNamco Lake 4718 meters above sea level, 70 km from east to west, 30 km wide from north to south, is the largest lake in Tibet, China's second largest saltwater lake, is the world's highest elevation of the Great Lakes. Namtso Lake is a vast expanse of water, and it is a natural pasture that can be grazed throughout the year. When the summer, flocks of wild ducks fly to habitat, breeding offspring. Wild yak, rocky cattle and many other wild animals are also often appear.

Nam Co LakeNam Co Lake

Drepung MonasteryDrepung Monastery is one of the six major Buddhist temples of the Gelug Sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Temple scale, there are six by the temple, monks 4, and has a large number of precious cultural relics. In the annual Tibetan calendar June 30 Lhasa Shoton Day, people gathered in Drepung Monastery, as the center to start a grand celebration, sun Buddha, Tibetan opera and other programs, very lively!