Beijing

(The capital of the People's Republic of China)

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Beijing, China’s massive capital, has history stretching back 3 millennia. Yet it’s known as much for its modern architecture as its ancient sites such as the grand Forbidden City complex, the imperial palace during the Ming and Qing dynasties. Nearby, the massive Tiananmen Square pedestrian plaza is the site of Mao Zedong’s mausoleum and the National Museum of China, displaying a vast collection of

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Other major attractions include the Summer Palace, the retreat of emperors with pavilions and gardens along Kunming Lake. Temple of Heaven is a park that's home to the colorful, circular Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests. Beijing Olympic Park, built for the 2008 games, encompasses a long promenade and Beijing National Stadium, dubbed the “Bird’s Nest” for its interlocking steel grids. The Back Lakes district offers narrow old streets (hutongs) lined with boutiques and cafes. The 798 Art District hosts cutting-edge galleries. A popular side trip is an excursion to a nearby section of the Great Wall of China.


Beijing, referred to as "Beijing", the People's Republic of China capital, municipality, national central city, mega city, national political center, cultural center, international communication center, science and technology innovation center, is the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the People's Republic of China Central People's Government and the People 's Congress office of the General Assembly, China Central theater headquarters resident.

Beijing is located in the northern part of the North China Plain, backed by Yanshan, adjacent to Tianjin and Hebei Province. Beijing's climate is typical of the northern temperate semi-humid continental monsoon climate.


Beijing is the first batch of national historical and cultural city and the world has the world's largest number of cultural heritage of the city, three thousand years of history gave birth to the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Badaling Great Wall, the Summer Palace and many other monuments. As early as seven hundred thousand years ago, Beijing Zhoukoudian area appeared on the original tribe "Peking Man". 1045 BC, Beijing became thistle, Yan and other princes of the capital. Since 938 AD, Beijing has become the Liao to accompany the capital, gold are, the yuan most, the Ming and Qing dynasties. October 1, 1949 to become the capital of the People's Republic of China.

As of the end of 2016, Beijing resident population of 21.729 million, an increase of 24,000 over the previous year, an increase of 0.1%, an increase of 16.5 million over the previous year, the growth rate down 0.8 percentage points over the previous year. [1] 


July 31, 2015, the International Olympic Committee President Bach announced that Beijing and Zhangjiakou get the right to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games. Beijing has become the first city in the world to host both the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics.


The origin of the name:


Beijing is a three thousand years of history with the ancient capital, in different dynasties have different titles, roughly count up more than twenty said.

Yan Du, according to historical records, 1122 BC, Zhou Wu Wang destroy business later, in the Yan Feng called the public. Yan are named for the ancient city of Yan country. Warring States seven male in Yan country, is said to be near Yanshan and the country name, its country are called "Yan are".

Youzhou, one of the ancient Kyushu. Youzhou name, first seen in the "Shangshi Shun Code": "Yan said You state." Han, Wei, Jin, Tang Dynasty have set up You state, the rule are in today's Beijing area.

Capital, capital refers to the capital, Beijing became the capital, but also more known as the capital.

Nanjing, Liao Taizong will be the first year (938 years), the original Youzhou was promoted to Youdu House, built in Nanjing, also known as Yanjing, as the Liao of the capital. At that time the capital of Liao in Beijing.

Most of the Yuan Dynasty to gold from the palace this North Sea Park as the center to rebuild the new city, Yuan ancestors to Yuan nine years (1272 years) renamed most, commonly known as yuan.

Peking, the first year of the Ming Dynasty Hongwu (1368), Zhu Yuanzhang exterminate the Yuan Dynasty, in order to record the achievements of the north, the yuan was renamed Peking.

Beijing, Ming Yongle first year (1403 years), Ming emperor Zhu Di Yongle emperor made the throne, he will do when the king of Feng Feng Beiping House to Shun Tianfu, built in Beijing, and ready to move the capital here, this is officially named For the beginning of Beijing, has been more than 600 years of history.

Capital, Ming Cheng Zong Yongle eighteen years (1420) moved to Beijing, renamed the capital, until the Qing Dynasty.

Jingzhao, Republic of China two years (1913) abolished Tianfu, the next year set Jingzhao place, Zhili central, its scope, including most of today's Beijing area, the seventeen years of waste Jingzhao local, Beijing to Peking.


Administrative divisions:
Beijing, Dongcheng District, Xicheng District, Chaoyang District, Fengtai District, Shijiazhuang District, Haidian District, Shunyi District, Tongzhou District, Daxing District, Fangshan District, Mentougou District, Changping District, Pinggu District, Miyun District, Huairou District, Yanqing District 16 District, a total of 147 streets, 38 townships and 144 towns.


Tourism

Overview

Forbidden City (18 photos)

Beijing is the world 's largest city with world heritage (7), the world's first capital city with world geological park . Beijing has opened more than 200 tourist attractions, the world's largest palace forbidden city , Temple Temple Temple , the Royal Garden Beihai Park , the Summer Palace and the Yuanmingyuan , as well as Badaling Great Wall , Mutianyu Great Wall and the world's largest courtyard Wangfu and other historical sites. Beijing has a total of 7309 cultural relics and historic sites, 99 national key cultural relics protection units (including the Great Wall and Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Beijing section), 326 municipal cultural relics protection units, 5 national geological parks , 15 national forest parks .



Tourist attractions

Beijing tourist attractions
World Heritage

Forbidden City

Great Wall

Zhoukoudian Beijing ruins

Temple of Heaven

Summer Palace

Ming Tombs

Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal 

World Geopark

Beijing Fangshan World Geopark

China Yanqing World Geopark

National Scenic Area

Badaling - the Ming Tombs

Stone flower hole

Eight places

Prince Gong's Mansion

Chinese history and culture street

Imperial Street

Tobacco Slant Street

Dashilan

On the street

China 's historical and cultural town

Miyun County Gubeikou town

Nine River Town

Dongba town

Wang Siying

Chinese history and culture village

Zhaitang town Cuan under the village

Zhaitang town Ling water village

Longquan town of glass village

Miyun new town zigi camp

China World Heritage List

Grand Canal

Beijing Yunju Temple Tower

Possession of the hole and stone by

Beijing Ancient Observatory

Beihai Park

Marco Polo Bridge



Yanjing eight scenic spots

Yanjing eight scenic spots

Too liquid autumn wind

Qiongdao spring yin

Jintai sunset

Thistle door tobacco tree

Xishan Qingxue

Yuquan Baotou

Lu Gouxiao month

Juyong Pinnacle

Bird's Nest

Bird's Nest


Customs specialty

Beijing is one of China's four ancient capitals . There are many local characteristics of folk customs: Beijing snacks , opera , Jingyuntaigu , comic , theater, iron clapper, cloisonne , ivory , monkeys , lacquer carving , and Grasshopper game Grasshopper cage, blown sugar , dough figurines , etc. Wait.


Main venues

Beijing is the "museum capital", registered museums up to 151 seats. National Museum is the world's largest museum. The National Palace Museum is one of the world's five major museums.

Main venues

China Millennium Monument

Beijing Planetarium

China Science and Technology Museum

Natural Museum

capital Museum

Chinese Art Museum

Anti - Japanese War Memorial

military Museum

China Aviation Museum

National Museum of ChinaNational Palace Museum 

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Modern culture

Modern culture

798 Art District

Beijing International Music Festival

Candy Club (TANGO)

Cargo

Babyface

Banana Ball Club

Tang will

Sanlitun Bar Street

Houhai Bar Street

Nanluoguxiang Lane

LostInBeijing

Subway guest

Beijing fashion map

SOHO

Monuments

Forbidden City

Badaling Great Wall

Zhoukoudian Beijing ruins

Temple of Heaven

Summer Palace

Ming Tombs

Shichahai

Yuanmingyuan

Marco Polo Bridge

Mutianyu Great Wall

Simatai Great Wall

Jinshanling Great Wall

Juyongguan Great Wall

Arrowhead Great Wall

Prince Gong House Garden

Alcohol Prince House

Beihai Park

Beijing University

Beijing Hutong

Beijing Zoo

Beijing Botanical Garden

Panjiayuan antique market

Ancient Observatory

Deshengmen

Zhengyangmen

Jingshan Park

Xiangshan

Bell tower

Drum Tower




religious culture

Religions in Beijing are: Buddhism , Taoism , Islam , Catholicism and Christianity . Beijing's temple, temple, view, hall is the religious and religious groups of religious activities.

Religious places

Catholic Church

Catholic Church

Cádiz City of Christ Church

Chongwenmen Christian Church

Niu Street Mosque

East Fourth Mosque

Guangji Temple

Guanghua Temple

Baiyun concept

Lama Temple



Buddhism

Tanzhe Temple (Beijing's oldest temple, built in Beijing 800 years ago has been established)

Yunju Temple

Jietai Temple

Fayuan Temple

To serve the country temple

Taoism

Baiyun (Quanzhen)

Dongyue Temple (just one)



Tibetan Buddhism (Lamaism)

Lama Temple




Islam

Niujie Street

Dongzhimen outside the mosque

East Fourth Mosque


Catholicism

Sisku Catholic Church

Xuanwu Men Catholic Church

Wangfujing Catholic Church

Xizhimen Catholic Church

East Cross Lane




Christian

Wen Men Tang

Cylinder City Tomb

City hall

Wide street

Haidian Church




Orthodox

Nicholas Church (remains)




Shopping district

Beijing is the only selected mainland 15 major shopping capital of the mainland city, with more than 100 large and medium shopping malls. Wangfujing Street , the front door Dashilan , Xidan Commercial Street is Beijing's traditional business district; International Trade Mall, Oriental Xintiandi , Zhongguancun Square. Liulichang or Panjiayuan of Antique has all kinds of antiques. Xiushui Street and Ya Xiu clothing wholesale market sales of various types of clothing. Cloisonne, jade, silk embroidery has a long history; folk arts and crafts, such as clay figurine , Peking opera mask , kites , paper cutting and other inexpensive, can be used as gifts to friends and relatives gifts.